Maylitha Achmad, Shine Pintor Siolemba Patiro



The issue of training transfer behavior has become an attention of social psychology researchers in the field of training and development. Moreover, research on its behavior in particular has not applied the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model in understanding, explaining, and predicting the intentions and behavior of Indonesia Civil Service Apparatus (CSA) to transfer the training in the workplace. Therefore, this study aims to uncover the application of the TPB model in explaining and predicting the CSA’s behavior related to the training transfer, so that social psychological factors as an intention and behavior predictors can be identified. This study uses quantitative methods. The sample size was 427 of CSA which spread across the provinces of North Sumatra, DKI Jakarta, South Sulawesi, and Maluku. The data collection technique used an online survey with purposive sampling. The data analysis technique used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results show that TPB model which developed to understand, explain, and predict the CSA’s behavior in transferring training outcomes is acceptable. This study supported that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) were significant predictors of behavioral intentions, and the latter was a predictor of behavior within the framework of the TPB model.



Isu mengenai perilaku transfer hasil pelatihan menjadi pusat perhatian para peneliti di bidang psikologi sosial dalam kaitannya dengan bidang pelatihan dan pengembangan. Selama ini penelitian mengenai perilaku transfer hasil pelatihan di Indonesia khsususnya belum ada yang mengaplikasikan model Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) dalam memahami, menjelaskan, dan memprediksi niat dan perilaku Pegawai Negeri Sipil (PNS) untuk melakukantransfer hasil pelatihan di tempat kerja. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap penerapan model TPB dalam menjelaskan dan memprediksi perilaku PNS terkait dengan transfer hasil pelatihan, sehingga dapat diidentifikasi faktor-faktor psikologis sosial yang mendorong niat dan perilakunya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif. Besaran sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 427 PNS yang tersebar di Provinsi Sumatera Utara, DKI Jakarta, Sulawesi Selatan, dan Maluku. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan on line survey dengan penarikan sampel purposif. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Model TPB yang dikembangkan dalam memahami, menjelaskan, dan memprediksi perilaku PNS dalam mentransfer hasil pelatihan bisa diterima. penelitian ini mendukung bahwa sikap, norma subyektif, dan kontrol keperilakuan yang dirasakan sebagai prediktor yang signifikan terhadap niat berperilaku, serta niat berperilaku merupakan prediktor yang signifikan terhadap perilaku dalam kerangka model TPB


Theory of Planned Behavior, Attitude, Subjective norms, PBC, SEM

Full Text:



Aaker, D. A., Kumar, V., Leone, R. P., & Day, G. S. 2013. Marketing Research. 11th edition,

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Aguinis, H., & Kraiger, K. (2009). Benefits of training and development for individuals

and teams, organizations, and society. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 451–474.

Ajzen, I., Brown, T.C., & Carvajal, F. (2004). Explaining the discrepancy between

intentions and actions: The case of hypothetical bias in contingent valuation.

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(9), 1108–1121.

Ajzen, I. & Fishbein, M. (1980), Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, Personality, and Behavior. Milton Keynes: Open University


Ajzen, I., & Madden, T. J. (1986). Prediction of goal-directed behavior: Attitudes,

intentions, and perceived behavioral control. In Journal of Experimental Social

Psychology (Vol. 22, Issue 5, pp. 453–474).


Ajzen, I., & Manstead, A. S. R. (2007). Changing health-related behaviours: An approach based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. In The Scope of Social Psychology:

Theory and Applications, eds. K. van den Bos, M. Hewstone, J. de Wit, H. Schut, and

M. Stroebe, New York: Psychology Press, pp. 43-63.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human

Decision Process, 50(2), 179–211.

Ajzen, I. (2001). Nature and Operation of Attitudes. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1),


Ajzen, I. (2005). Attitudes, Personality, and Behavior. Berkshire: Open University Press.

Ajzen, I. & Driver, B. L. (1992). Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure

choice. Journal of Leisure Research, 24(3), pp. 207–224).

Ajzen, I. & Madden, T. J. (1986). Prediction of goal-directed behavior: Attitudes,

intentions, and perceived behavioral control. Journal of Experimental Social

Psychology, 22(5), 453–474.

Albarracin, D., Johnson, B. T., Fishbein, M., & Muellerleile, P. A. (2001). Theories of

Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior as Models of Condom Use: A MetaAnalysis. Psychological Bulletin, 127(1), 142–161.

Albarracin, D., Kumkale, G. T., & Johnson, B. T. (2004). Influences of Social Power and

Normative Support on Condom Use Decisions: A Research Synthesis. AIDS Care,

(6), 700–723.

Ardaneswari, C. P. (2016). Transfer of Training (Analisis Pelaksanaan Transfer of Training

di Badan Kepegawaian Daerah (BKD) Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. NATAPRAJA:

Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Administrasi Negara, 4(2), 137–152.

Arefin, Md. S. and Islam, N. (2019). A Study on the Motivation to Transfer Training in the

Banking Industry of Bangladesh. South Asian Journal of Human Resources

Management, 6(1), 45–72.

Armitage, C J, & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: a

meta-analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40(4), 471–499.

Armitage, Christopher J, & Conner, M. (2000). Social cognition models and health

behaviour: A structured review. Psychology & Health, 15(15), 173–189.

Arthur Jr, W., Bennett Jr, W., Edens, P. S., & Bell, S. T. (2003). Effectiveness of training in

organizations: A meta-analysis of design and evaluation features. Journal of

Applied Psychology, 88(2), 234–245.

Badan Kepegawaian Negara. (2019). Buku Statistik ASN. Jakarta: Badan Kepegawaian


Bates, R., & Holton, E. F., III. (2004). Linking workplace literacy skills and transfer system

perceptions. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(2), 153–170.

Borsari, B., & Carey, K. B. (2003). Descriptive and injunctive norms in college drinking: a

meta-analytic integration. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(3), 331–341.

Bradburn, N., Sudman, S., & Wansink, B. (2004). Asking Questions The Definitive Guide to

Questionnaire Design—For Market Research, Political Polls, and Social and Health



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral

Badan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia ESDM

Pusat Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Aparatur

Jl. Cisitu Lama No. 37 Bandung Tlp. 022 - 2502428 Fax. 022 - 2506224 Email :